Regular dental visits are very important not only for the oral health, but also for overall health. While most patients can visit the dentist twice a year and rest assured that their teeth remain clean and healthy, some patients, such as smokers, diabetics, people with active gum disease and people who are prone to plaque build-up, will need to visit the dentist more regularly.
During these check-ups, a dentist in Harley Street, such as those at Harley Street Dental Clinic, will examine the patient’s teeth thoroughly and look for signs of dental disease. Gum disease, in particular, is the most common cause of tooth loss among adults. The examination will be completed with a thorough cleaning to remove plaque. X-rays may also be taken, for the dentist to better examine the teeth and the jawbone.
Gum disease, or as dentists call it, periodontal disease, is a serious infection of the gums, which, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease comes in two forms – gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the earlier stage of gum disease. Its symptoms are usually harmless and patients often fail to acknowledge that something is wrong with their gums. A dentist in Harley Street will be able to diagnose early gum disease and treat it. Common symptoms of gingivitis include red and swollen gums, which are not necessarily painful.
Periodontitis, on the other hand, is a more advanced and serious form of gum disease, which is usually caused by untreated gingivitis. At this stage, gums separate from the teeth, forming narrow spaces between them and gums that become infected. As the disease progresses, these spaces deepen and more gum tissue and jawbone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process can have very mild symptoms, but eventually, teeth will become loose and will need to be removed.
Management of Gum Disease
Successful prevention of gum disease involves a good oral hygiene routine and regular visits to the dentist in Harley Street. Even if a patient is infected with gum disease, therapy and re-evaluation will help them reverse the effects of the disease and maintain good oral health.